Apartheid in the Fields: From Occupied Palestine to UK Supermarkets (2020 Update), Endnotes

Here are the references for our 2020 update to Apartheid in the Fields

P3. Introduction

  1. https://mondoweiss.net/2019/11/un-publishes-database-ofcompanies-profiting-off-human-rights-abuses-not-on-israel-but-myanmar/

P4. The ongoing ethnic cleansing of the Jordan Valley

  1. https://btselem.org/jordan_valley
  2. See, for example, https://corporateoccupation.org/2010/08/11/the-jordan-valley-meeting-point-the-jewish-national-funds-racist-alternative-reality/
  3. https://m.btselem.org/jordan_valley
  4. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/reports/al-jazeera-how-israel-engages-in-water-apartheid/
  5. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/reports/al-jazeera-how-israel-engages-in-water-apartheid/
  6. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/tractors-and-water-tanks-confiscated-in-al-maleh/
  7. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/jv%20map%20tony.jpg
  8. https://www.btselem.org/jordan_valley
  9. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/jordan-palestine-refugee-camps-photography-a8341826.html
  10. https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Nahal
  11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalya
  12. Corporate Occupation has interviewed multiple Jordan Valley residents who were forced out of the Dead
    Sea region by the Israeli military in the period just after 1967.
  13. See, for example, https://corporateoccupation.org/2010/05/06/kibbutz-kalia-part-1-a-holiday-in-israeli-apartheid/
  14. https://peacenow.org.il/en/data-on-netanyahus-jordan-valley-annexation-map
  15. https://btselem.org/jordan_valley
  16. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/how-clinton-and-the-
    democ_b_212292?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly9kdWNrZHVja2dvLmNvbS8&guce_referrer_sig=
    AQAAAFaDp3FOelyL3SNVM5cmj6wo2f17VxgP70_l2a_DbjEmVIvEPKNjgoOENC3NqG7Sm8_FDjY2EOuEN_u98R
    LtFfsql-wXyw-
    BBnVbPoA5RrNyU97YO9mXy3dotxF3Mipbe0XDbbxffkjOW94xgzBWSjahaqFTV8CtavveOO70aVM3
  17. https://www.btselem.org/planning_and_building
  18. See, for example, https://www.btselem.org/topic/area_c
  19. https://www.btselem.org/topic/area_c
  20. https://corporateoccupation.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/34/2019/03/resisting-demolitions-ebook-v2.pdf, page 24.
  21. See Corporate Occupations ‘Resisting the Demolitions’ –
    https://corporateoccupation.org/2019/03/07/new-book-resisting-demolitions-in-palestine/
  22. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/settlers-threaten-to-kill-palestinians/
  23. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/struggle-water-continues-bardala/
  24. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/aic-160-people-forcibly-displaced-from-firing-zones-along-jordan-valley-during-january-2014/
  25. https://www.btselem.org/jordan_valley
  26. For example the residents of Al Maleh were allowed to return after this international callout was made
    http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/events-action-call-outs/al-maleh-village-appeal-for-aaction/
  27. https://www.btselem.org/jordan_valley
  28. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/iof-escalate-repression-of-al-maleh-community/
  29. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/demolitions-in-al-maleh-and-abu-al-ajaj/
  30. Information from interviews carried out by Corporate Occupation in Summer 2018.
  31. http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/proposals-ethnically-cleanse-palestinian-communities-
    northern-jordan-valley/
  32. https://corporateoccupation.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/34/2019/03/resisting-demolitions-ebook-v2.pdf
  33. https://www.jta.org/2019/09/10/israel/netanyahus-push-to-annex-the-jordan-valley-explained
  34. https://peacenow.org.il/en/data-on-netanyahus-jordan-valley-annexation-map
  35. https://peacenow.org.il/en/data-on-netanyahus-jordan-valley-annexation-map and http://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/news/will-fight-end-resistance-israeli-annexation-jordan-valley/
  36. https://peacenow.org.il/en/data-on-netanyahus-jordan-valley-annexation-map
  37. https://peacenow.org.il/en/data-on-netanyahus-jordan-valley-annexation-map
  38. https://www.thecanary.co/uk/2018/09/06/israel-is-accused-of-ethnic-cleansing-and-theres-something-you-can-do-about-it-2/
  39. See, for example, https://mondoweiss.net/2018/10/israeli-forces-tensions/
  1. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/27/world/middleeast/trump-netanyahu-gantz-israel-palestinians-
    peace.html
    41.https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/27/world/middleeast/trump-netanyahu-gantz-israel-palestinians-
    peace.html and https://www.thecanary.co/global/world-news/2020/02/01/mahmoud-abbas-says-he-
    will-never-accept-trumps-divisive-plans-for-palestine/
  2. https://www.upi.com/News_Photos/view/upi/e4d94a56520b309da1225c24282a3685/Benny-Gantz-
    Says-He-Will-Annex-Jordan-Valley-At-Press-Conference/
  3. http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/275226
  4. https://www.axios.com/israel-annex-west-bank-settlements-netanyahu-plan-9e7105e2-50f5-4d36-
    8c62-0b2fb37e254f.html
  5. https://www.thecanary.co/global/world-analysis/2020/01/31/trumps-peace-plan-gives-the-go-
    ahead-to-israels-biggest-land-grab-in-decades/
  6. https://www.thecanary.co/feature/2019/10/02/colonized-palestinians-resist-israeli-plans-to-steal-
    almost-a-quarter-of-the-west-bank/
  7. Corporate Occupation interview with Palestinian demonstrator, January 2020.
  8. https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/israeli-settlers-stage-tractor-protest-to-demand-
    annexation/ar-BBZC7pF?li=BBnb7Kz
  9. https://jordanvalleysolidarity.org/about-us/the-right-to-education-in-the-jordan-valley/
    P10. Mislabelling: a systematic and deliberate attempt to mislead consumers
  10. https://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/countries/israel/
  11. https://corporateoccupation.org/2016/03/18/apartheid-in-the-fields-from-occupied-palestine-to-uk-
    supermarkets/ and https://corporateoccupation.org/2012/01/09/targeting-israeli-apartheid-a-boycott-
    divestment-and-sanctions-handbook-now-available-online/

P12. Timeline

  1. http://eeas.europa.eu/archives/delegations/israel/documents/eu_israel/asso_agree_en.pdf
  2. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/dec/10/guidance-labelling-food-israeli-settlements and
    https://corporatewatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/targeting-israeli-apartheid-jan-2012.pdf,
    page 42.
  3. https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2010-02/cp100014en.pdf
  4. https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/20151111_interpretative_notice_indication_of_origin_en.pdf
  5. https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2019-06/cp190073en.pdf
  6. https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2019-06/cp190073en.pdf
  7. https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/canadian-court-rules-against-labeling-settlement-wines-
    product-israel
  8. https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/canada-appeal-courts-ruling-settlement-wines-labelled-
    product-israel
  9. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/15/ban-import-of-israeli-settlement-
    goods?CMP=Share_AndroidApp_EmailAlthough
    Interviews with Palestinian Workers

P15. Making a killing in Tomer settlement

  1. https://www.btl.gov.il/English%20Homepage/Mediniyut/GeneralInformation/Pages/MinimumWage.aspx

P19. “If we had water we would farm our own land”

  1. https://www.btl.gov.il/English%20Homepage/Mediniyut/GeneralInformation/Pages/MinimumWage.aspx
  2. https://www.btl.gov.il/English%20Homepage/Mediniyut/GeneralInformation/Pages/MinimumWage.aspx

P22. “There are 400 or 500 settlers in the four settlements, and they have more water than all of the 8000 Palestinians who
live in Bardala, Kurdala & Ein al-Beida.”

  1. https://www.btl.gov.il/English%20Homepage/Mediniyut/GeneralInformation/Pages/MinimumWage.aspx
    Key companies exporting from settlements to supermarket
  2. https://youtu.be/FXrFwtGV_mg
  3. http://mehadrin.co.il/catalog/full/#p=3
  4. www.mehadrin.co.il
  5. https://trademarks.ipo.gov.uk/ipo-tmcase/page/Results/4/EU006992044
  6. Orbis database, accessed May 2019.
  7. https://www.jaffa.co.uk/blog/7. mehadrin.co.il/catalog/dates/#p=4
  8. http://mehadrin.co.il/pands
  9. mehadrin.co.il/catalog/dates/#p=4, accessed April 2019.
  10. https://corporateoccupation.org/2018/10/30/making-a-killing/,
    https://corporateoccupation.org/2014/05/02/poverty-wages-and-child-labour-in-the-settlement-of-
    beit-haarava-conditions-for-settlement-workers-in-the-jordan-valley-part-two/ and
    https://corporateoccupation.org/2013/02/03/everything-changes-apart-from-the-money-conditions-for-
    settlement-workers-in-the-jordan-valley-january-2013-part-one/
  11. https://corporateoccupation.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/34/2019/03/resisting-demolitions-ebook-
    v2.pdf, pages 34-38
  12. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=649006&lang=en
  13. https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/israels-controversial-hero-ariel-sharon-laid-to-rest-at-family-
    ranch-547711
  14. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360278&lang=en
  15. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360652&lang=en
  16. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360654&lang=en
  17. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360656&lang=en
  18. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360658&lang=en
  19. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360660&lang=en
  20. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360662&lang=en
  21. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360664&lang=en
  22. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360666&lang=en
  23. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360668&lang=en
  24. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=360670&lang=en
  25. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/131271/
  26. A photo of Hass avocados being sold in Sainsbury’s labelled Mehadrin was received by Corporate
    Occupation in April 2019.
  27. https://www.importgenius.com/suppliers/mehadrin-tnuport-export-l-p
  28. http://amcna.com/amc-fresh/
  29. mehadrin.co.il/catalog/dates/#p=4
  30. mehadrin.co.il/catalog/dates/#p=4
  31. mehadrin.co.il/catalog/dates/#p=4
  32. https://www.freshplaza.com/photos/album/2176/mehadrin-or-clementines/
  33. https://youtu.be/FXrFwtGV_mg
  34. https://youtu.be/FXrFwtGV_mg
  35. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2154605/peru-cusco-to-send-hass-avocados-to-the-eu/
    P30. Jaffa
  36. Orbis database, accessed July 2019
  37. https://www.mehadrin.nl/en/service/about/
  38. https://www.orrijaffa.com/distributors/
  39. https://en.amcnaturaldrinks.com/
  40. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9120886/uk-factory-in-lancashire-opens-creating-100-jobs/
  41. https://www.jaffa.co.uk/blog/
  42. http://www.amtfruit.com/#about
  43. https://www.insidethegames.biz/articles/1078004/jaffa-fruit-becomes-latest-sponsor-of-2019-
    netball-world-cup
  44. https://www.jaffa.co.uk/partnerships/
  45. http://www.mmuk.co.uk/citrus
  46. http://www.mmuk.co.uk/citrus
    P32. Miriam Shoham
  47. https://whoprofits.org/company/mehadrin-group/
  48. http://mshoham.com/Site/pages/inPage.asp?catID=114
  49. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=753703&lang=en
    P33. Galilee
  50. http://galilee-export.com/company/
  51. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2177120/galilee-export-becomes-israel-s-biggest-organics-citrus-
    exporter/
  52. http://galilee-export.com/company/
  53. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2115156/galilee-export-leverages-power-of-growers-to-benefit-
    growers/
  54. http://galilee-export.com/company/ and http://galilee-export.com/product_cat/dates/
  55. http://galilee-export.com/ and https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2121960/galilee-export-announce-new-ceo-and-vp-of-marketing/
  56. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2136101/galil-export-begins-using-french-ripening-room/
  57. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9050838/we-can-t-compete-in-europe/
  58. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2182858/galilee-export-to-begin-organic-citrus-exports-with-
    main-focus-on-europe/
  59. http://www.israelagri.com/?CategoryID=522&ArticleID=1671
  60. http://galilee-export.com/product_cat/dates/
  61. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2188937/demand-for-medjoul-dates-is-on-the-rise/
  62. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9150937/israeli-pomegranate-production-up-20-from-last-year/
  63. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9064067/adapting-avocado-sales-to-market-requirements/
  64. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9064067/adapting-avocado-sales-to-market-requirements/
  65. Photograph taken by Corporate Occupation researchers inside Tomer settlement in July 2018.
    P36. Hadiklaim
  66. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9718/ 2. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-
    news/business/.premium.MAGAZINE-israelis-conquer-medjool-date-market-1.5418171
  67. http://hadiklaim.com/date-varieties/medjoul
  68. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9718/
  69. https://corporateoccupation.org/2010/08/12/hadiklaim-in-the-jordan-valley/
  70. http://hadiklaim.com/date-varieties/bio-organic-dates
  71. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9140350/our-goal-is-to-be-the-first-stop-for-medjoul-dates/
  72. https://corporateoccupation.org/2013/02/01/mislabelled-morrisons-own-brand-packaging-found-in-
    illegal-israeli-settlement-tomer/
  73. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9718/
  74. https://www.hadiklaim.com/about-us
  75. http://hadiklaim.com/news/king-solomon-in-thailand
  76. http://hadiklaim.com/news/king-solomon-introducing-premium-dates-to-korea-and-japan
  77. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9718/
  78. https://lemuslimpost.com/dattes-israeliennes-casse-tete-des-jeuneurs.html
  79. https://electronicintifada.net/content/gaza-farmers-launch-call-boycott-israeli-produce/12177
  80. https://www.thejc.com/lifestyle/food/why-it-s-time-to-save-the-medjool-date-1.58958 and
    https://mfa.gov.il/MFA/InnovativeIsrael/Agriculture/Pages/Israeli-dates-are-in-demand.aspx

P38. Mor International

  1. https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/made_in_israel_web_final.pdf, page 57 and
    https://www.freshplaza.com/article/140489/Mor-International-makes-inroads-abroad,-at-home/
  2. For example, seen by Corporate Occupation researchers in two shops in London’s Green Lanes, summer
    2019.
  3. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/140489/Mor-International-makes-inroads-abroad,-at-home/
  4. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2114793/israel-mor-international-covers-gaps-in-persimmon-
    season/
  5. https://www.jta.org/2004/07/08/archive/israelis-hope-south-african-venture-will-provide-profit-and-
    help-blacks
  6. http://www.sharon-fruit.com/ and https://www.freshplaza.com/article/140489/Mor-International-
    makes-inroads-abroad,-at-home/
  7. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2173796/south-african-sharon-fruit-season-underway/
  8. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2192572/greenyard-strengthens-sourcing-via-mor-international/
  9. https://www.greenyard.group/divisions/fresh/locations
  10. https://bdsmovement.net/news/south-african-agricultural-company-cuts-ties-hadiklaim
    P39. Arava
  11. https://corporatewatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Apartheid-in-the-fields1.pdf
  12. https://arv.co.il/products/
  13. See GlobalG.A.P database: https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/SearchMain.faces?init=1 and
    search for Arava
  14. https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/Certificate_V4.faces?cert=641338&lang=en
  15. See GlobalG.A.P database: https://database.globalgap.org/globalgap/search/SearchMain.faces?init=1 and
    search for Arava
  16. https://corporateoccupation.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/34/2016/03/Apartheid-in-the-fields1.pdf
    Some international companies exporting from settlements to supermarkets
    P41. Brousse Vergez
  17. http://www.brousse-vergez.com/en/fruits-secs/f1-10-mediterranean-dried-fruits/id-53-deglet-noor-
    dates2. http://www.brousse-vergez.com/en/fruits-secs/f1-10-mediterranean-dried-fruits/id-55-medjool-dates
  18. http://www.brousse-vergez.com/en/fruits-secs/f1-13-organic-dried-fruits/id-65-organic-medjool-
    dates
    P42. Fratelli Orsero
  19. https://www.freshfruitportal.com/news/2017/03/21/italy-amazon-prime-now-delivers-new-line-
    fratelli-orsero-exotics/
    P43. Sahara Gold/International Golden Foods
  20. http://www.goldenfood.com/SGBD.htm
  21. http://www.goldenfood.com/about-us.htm
  22. https://www.bloomberg.com/profile/company/0222858D:US
  23. http://www.goldenfood.com/our-customers.htm
    Other Israeli companies exporting from settlements to supermarkets
    P45. Argaman settlement
  24. http://corporateoccupation.org/2010/09/14/argaman-organic-goods-grown-on-land-seized-by-
    military-force/
  25. https://corporateoccupation.org/2016/03/18/apartheid-in-the-fields-from-occupied-palestine-to-uk-
    supermarkets/
  26. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2141195/tali-grapes-comes-with-later-grape-variety-from-israel/
  27. https://www.aprilherbs.com/april-herbs
    P47. Beit Ha’Arava settlement
  28. https://peacenow.org.il/en/settlements/settlement20-en
    2.https://corporatewatch.org/poverty-wages-and-child-labour-in-the-settlement-of-beit-haarava/
  29. https://peacenow.org.il/en/settlements/settlement20-en
  30. https://www.linkedin.com/company/shoval-arava-marketing-ltd-
    P47. Gilgal settlement
  31. http://corporateoccupation.org/2010/04/18/netiv-hagdud-and-gilgal/
  32. https://peacenow.org.il/en/settlements/settlement33-en
    P48. Mehola settlement
  33. http://corporateoccupation.org/2010/03/23/organic-apartheid-mehola-settlement/ and
    http://corporateoccupation.org/2014/05/02/poverty-wages-and-child-labour-in-the-settlement-of-beit-
    haarava-conditions-for-settlement-workers-in-the-jordan-valley-part-two/
  34. http://ankor-int.com/greenaravaEN/index.html and http://ankor-int.com/
  35. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9069057/packhouse-located-at-the-airport-makes-for-quick-
    response-to-demands/
  36. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9069057/packhouse-located-at-the-airport-makes-for-quick-
    response-to-demands/
    P49. Na’ama settlement
  37. https://peacenow.org.il/en/settlements/settlement92-en
  38. http://corporateoccupation.org/2014/06/06/workers-paid-below-the-minimum-wage-in-the-israeli-
    settlement-of-naama/
  39. https://www.timesofisrael.com/jordan-valley-farmers-unperturbed-by-eu-labels/
    P50. Jordan Valley central settlement regional council
  40. http://corporateoccupation.org/2010/03/29/update-on-new-agrexco-packing-house-in-the-jordan-
    valley/
  41. http://www.field-produce.com/About%2DUs.html
  42. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2199183/higher-demand-and-volumes-for-medjool-dates-in-
    2018-19-season/
  43. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/2199183/higher-demand-and-volumes-for-medjool-dates-in-
    2018-19-season/
    P51. Tomer settlement
  44. http://corporateoccupation.org/2010/04/13/corporations-in-tomer-settlement/
  45. https://peacenow.org.il/en/settlements/settlement134-en
  46. http://corporateoccupation.org/2013/02/03/everything-changes-apart-from-the-money-conditions-for-settlement-workers-in-the-jordan-valley-january-2013-part-one/ and
    https://corporateoccupation.org/2016/03/18/apartheid-in-the-fields-from-occupied-palestine-to-uk-
    supermarkets/ and http://corporateoccupation.org/2018/10/30/making-a-killing/
  47. http://corporateoccupation.org/2013/02/15/cherriessa-from-occupied-land-to-europes-markets/
  48. http://corporateoccupation.org/2013/02/15/cherriessa-from-occupied-land-to-europes-markets/
  49. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/6991870.stm
  50. https://www.haaretz.com/.premium-should-peppers-outweigh-occupation-1.5328462
    The complicity of European importers & packing houses
    P54. Greenyard Fresh
  51. https://www.greenyard.group/divisions/fresh/about-us
  52. https://www.greenyardfresh.co.uk/Our_Products/Avocado
  53. https://www.greenyardfresh.co.uk/Our_Products/Tropical_Fruit
  54. https://www.greenyard.group/nl/divisions/fresh/news/New-Ripening-Rooms
    P55-56. IPL, Watts Farms, Worldwide Fruit, Fresca Group
  55. https://www.ipl-ltd.com/
  56. https://www.ipl-ltd.com/about-us/
  57. https://www.ipl-ltd.com/sustainability/
  58. https://www.wattsfarms.co.uk/about-watts-farms/
  59. https://www.worldwidefruit.co.uk/pages/about-us.
  60. https://www.worldwidefruit.co.uk/products/avocado.html
  61. https://www.virtualmarket.fruitlogistica.com/en/Worldwide-Fruit-Ltd,c53200
  62. https://www.worldwidefruit.co.uk/news-media/m-s-silver-status.html
  63. https://www.worldwidefruit.co.uk/news-media/waitrose-way-award-2014.html
  64. https://www.frescagroup.co.uk/fresh-plus
  65. https://twitter.com/avocado_company/status/1202541755939381253
  66. https://www.theavocadocompany.co.uk/
    The complicity of UK supermarkets
    P58. Co-op
  67. ‘The Co-operative and the illegal Israeli settlements’, The Co-operative: http://www.co-
    operative.coop/our-ethics/resources/ethical-trading-and-human-rights/the-co-operative-and-the-illegal-
    israeli-settlements/
  68. http://www.co-operative.coop/our-ethics/resources/ethical-trading-and-human-rights/the-co-
    operative-and-the-illegal-israeli-settlements/
  69. Tracey McVeigh and Harriet Sherwood (2012) ‘Co-op boycotts exports from Israel’s West Bank settlements’,
    The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/29/co-op-israel-west-bank-boycott
  70. Howard Clark (2012) ‘International solidarity campaign with South Africa’: http://www.wri-
    irg.org/en/system/files/02%20International%20solidarity%20with%20South%20Africa.pdf
  71. BBC News (2002) ‘Tutu condemns Israeli apartheid’: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/1957644.stm
    See also: Jerusalem Post (2014) ‘Desmond Tutu: Israel guilty of apartheid in treatment of Palestinians’:
    http://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Desmond-Tutu-Israel-guilty-of-apartheid-in-treatment-of-
    Palestinians-344874
  72. https://www.thejc.com/news/uk-news/co-operative-group-petition-israel-1.466166
  73. https://www.thejc.com/news/uk-news/co-operative-group-petition-israel-1.466166
    P60. Tesco
  74. Hoare, L. (2014) ‘In UK, supermarkets the frontline to check out BDS’, Times of Israel:
    http://www.timesofisrael.com/in-uk-supermarkets-the-frontline-to-check-out-bds/
  75. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2009/apr/10/tesco-israeli-goods-boycott
  76. Eastman, D. (2014) ‘Tesco withdraws West Bank products’, The Jewish Chronicle:
    http://www.thejc.com/news/uk-news/120942/tesco-withdraws-west-bank-products
  77. https://www.independent.ie/regionals/sligochampion/news/group-protest-over-selling-israeli-goods-
    34893526.html
  78. https://www.freshplaza.com/article/162917/Israel-as-a-global-powerhouse-for-Mango/
  79. https://corporateoccupation.org/2018/09/13/uk-supermarkets-stocking-israeli-brands-of-houmous-
    meats/
    P63. Waitrose
  80. See the Waitrose profile on the Boycott Israel website. Available from:http://www.boycottisrael.org.uk/waitrose
  81. ‘Charity Accuses Waitrose Over Israeli Goods’, War on Want press release (2010):
    http://waronwant.org/media/charity-accuses-waitrose-over-israeli-goods
  82. https://news.yahoo.com/jordan-valley-settlements-hit-boycott-campaign-
    194320629.html?guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly9kdWNrZHVja2dvLmNvbS8&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAHMfR-
    OJN1dNmW4-7C2pyVQZyjeP28hkyYddH7dmBUbW7ybnw-M2bGx6pgqdh04ArRyWepVGTuhdweA0cRE6t7EZ_-
    McJYRhoechXU35rL5rWCTM0EuziMNTKVcwriRWnasMhR0e-3TVIJvMX10Xl9hLmifVnRKvCVgUV9bIpBcg
  83. https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/amena-saleem/uk-supermarket-waitrose-suffers-brand-damage-
    promoting-israel
  84. https://www.ocado.com/products/waitrose-duchy-organic-dates-16083011
  85. https://carmelwines.co.il/en/about/
    P65. Aldi
  86. http://www.inminds.co.uk/shopping-can-kill.php
  87. http://www.inminds.co.uk/shopping-can-kill.php and
    http://israelmatzav.blogspot.co.uk/2009/03/boycott-rich-in-irony.html
  88. http://www.foa.org.uk/campaigns/boycott-israeli-produce
  89. https://www.timesofisrael.com/dutch-supermarkets-ban-settlement-products/
  90. http://www.jta.org/2013/07/23/news-opinion/world/german-supermarket-giant-says-settlement-
    boycott-policy-was-mistake (the comments were made in a letter to the Dutch-based Center for Information
    and Documentation on Israel).
    P66. Morrisons
  91. ‘Mislabelled Morrisons own brand packaging found in illegal Israeli settlement Tomer’, Corporate Watch
    (2013): http://corporateoccupation.org/mislabelled-morrisons-own-brand-packaging-found-in-illegal-
    israeli-settlement-tomer/
  92. http://corporateoccupation.org/mislabelled-morrisons-own-brand-packaging-found-in-illegal-israeli-
    settlement-tomer/
    P68. M&S
  93. The history of M&S’s policy on stocking Israeli goods and historic support for Israel is based on the
    information in Corporate Watch’s book, ‘Targeting Israeli Apartheid: A Boycott Divestment and Sanctions
    Handbook’, page 299: https://corporateoccupation.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/targeting-israeli-apartheid-
    jan-2012.pdf
  94. https://deltagalil.com/timeline2/
  95. https://whoprofits.org/company/delta-galil-industries/
    P70. Sainsbury’s
  96. https://corporatewatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Apartheid-in-the-fields1.pdf
  97. https://corporateoccupation.org/2018/09/13/uk-supermarkets-stocking-israeli-brands-of-houmous-
    meats/
  98. Fidh report, “Migrant Workers in Israel: A Contemporary Form of Slavery”:
    https://www.fidh.org/en/region/north-africa-middle-east/israel-palestine/Migrant-workers-in-Israel-A
    and 2018 BBC investigation, “Thai labourers in Israel tell of harrowing conditions.”:
    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-middle-east-46311922/thai-labourers-in-israel-tell-of-harrowing-
    conditions
    P74. Asda
  99. http://www.inminds.co.uk/shopping-can-kill.php
  100. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/northern-ireland/belfasts-propalestine-protesters-remove-
    israeli-goods-from-shelves-of-asda-in-protest-over-gaza-30499929.html
    P76. Supermarkets grid
  101. https://news.yahoo.com/jordan-valley-settlements-hit-boycott-campaign-
    194320629.html?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly9kdWNrZHVja2dvLmNvbS8&guce_referrer_sig=A
    QAAAHMfR-OJN1dNmW4-7C2pyVQZyjeP28hkyYddH7dmBUbW7ybnw-
    M2bGx6pgqdh04ArRyWepVGTuhdweA0cRE6t7EZ_-McJYRhoechXU35rL5rWCTM0EuziMNTKVcwriRWnasMhR0e-
    3TVIJvMX10Xl9hLmifVnRKvCVgUV9bIpBcg
  102. http://www.foa.org.uk/campaigns/boycott-israeli-produce
  103. http://www.jta.org/2013/07/23/news-opinion/world/german-supermarket-giant-says-settlement-
    boycott-policy-was-mistake (the comments were made in a letter to the Dutch-based Center for
    Information and Documentation on Israel).

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